Are you growing endive in Pennsylvania, but don’t know when the best time to harvest them is?
Harvesting endive is not as easy as it seems.
- Endive have a very short window when they can be harvested and still taste great.
So if you harvest them too early they may not be ready and taste bad. And if you harvest them too late they may become infected with mold, fungus, insects, etc., and become inedible.
Today, I’m going to teach you the ideal time to harvest endive in Pennsylvania:
- To Learn More About HOW to Grow Endive, Check Out This GUIDE!
When Do I Harvest Endive in Pennsylvania?
As you may have already guessed, there are two main factors that determine when you should harvest your endive: the physical features of the endive & weather (time).
Harvest Endive if They Look Like This!!!
The physical features of endive are what most gardeners commonly rely on to determine if they are ready to be picked off the plant or not.
In general, you should harvest endive if they have the following physical features:
- The entire endive is a solid red color. If the endive is a lighter shade of red, it is not ready to be harvested
- The endive is slightly soft. Too hard means it is not ready. Too soft means it is overripe (but still edible)
- Easily able to be deattached from the the plant. This means it has absorbed all the nutrients it needs and is ready.
Harvest Your Endive During THIS Time of Year!!!
In general, you should harvest endive:
- 65 to 85 days after starting endive from seed
- 40 to 50 days after planting endive in your garden
- 20 to 30 days after endive first appear
And no matter what, you should ALWAYS harvest your endive before the first frost of the year. Frost will immediately kill your endive plant and make your endive inedible.
For your reference, I have created this table for average frost dates for most major cities in Pennsylvania. If your city is not listed below you can find its Last & First Frost Dates HERE.
Pennsylvania Last & First Frost Dates
It should be noted that you should not overly rely on the first frost of the year. The average first frost of the year is only correct 30% of the time.
Instead, pay close attention to your local weather.
When you know a frost is coming you need to take action.
- If endive are in pots, bring them inside
- If endive are in the ground, cover them in burlap and hope they survive
- Pick all endive. If they are not ready, place them in a brown paper bag and store them for approximately 1 to 2 weeks to see if they become edible.
If you want to learn WHEN to harvest ANY Vegetable in Pennsylvania, head over to HERE and just type in the vegetable you want to grow.