Are you growing parsnip in South Dakota, but don’t know when the best time to harvest them is?
Harvesting parsnip is not as easy as it seems.
- Parsnip have a very short window when they can be harvested and still taste great.
So if you harvest them too early they may not be ready and taste bad. And if you harvest them too late they may become infected with mold, fungus, insects, etc., and become inedible.
Today, I’m going to teach you the ideal time to harvest parsnip in South Dakota:
- To Learn More About HOW to Grow Parsnip, Check Out This GUIDE!
When Do I Harvest Parsnip in South Dakota?
As you may have already guessed, there are two main factors that determine when you should harvest your parsnip: the physical features of the parsnip & weather (time).
Harvest Parsnip if They Look Like This!!!
The physical features of parsnip are what most gardeners commonly rely on to determine if they are ready to be picked off the plant or not.
In general, you should harvest parsnip if they have the following physical features:
- The entire parsnip is a solid red color. If the parsnip is a lighter shade of red, it is not ready to be harvested
- The parsnip is slightly soft. Too hard means it is not ready. Too soft means it is overripe (but still edible)
- Easily able to be deattached from the the plant. This means it has absorbed all the nutrients it needs and is ready.
Harvest Your Parsnip During THIS Time of Year!!!
In general, you should harvest parsnip:
- 65 to 85 days after starting parsnip from seed
- 40 to 50 days after planting parsnip in your garden
- 20 to 30 days after parsnip first appear
And no matter what, you should ALWAYS harvest your parsnip before the first frost of the year. Frost will immediately kill your parsnip plant and make your parsnip inedible.
For your reference, I have created this table for average frost dates for most major cities in South Dakota. If your city is not listed below you can find its Last & First Frost Dates HERE.
South Dakota Last & First Frost Dates
It should be noted that you should not overly rely on the first frost of the year. The average first frost of the year is only correct 30% of the time.
Instead, pay close attention to your local weather.
When you know a frost is coming you need to take action.
- If parsnip are in pots, bring them inside
- If parsnip are in the ground, cover them in burlap and hope they survive
- Pick all parsnip. If they are not ready, place them in a brown paper bag and store them for approximately 1 to 2 weeks to see if they become edible.
If you want to learn WHEN to harvest ANY Vegetable in South Dakota, head over to HERE and just type in the vegetable you want to grow.