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10 MOST Common White Mushrooms in Virginia (2023 Guide)

What are the Most Common White Mushrooms in Virginia?

Finding the most common white mushrooms in Virginia was not as easy as I thought. Some are edible, others are poisonous, and plenty of them don’t show appear often.

That’s why I created a list of the 10 Most Common White Mushrooms in Virginia!

This ultimate guide will give you the most common white mushrooms in Virginia, how to identify them, and even where to find them in Virginia.


Read THIS Before Identifying Common White Mushrooms in Virginia

Knowing the type of mushroom growing in Virginia can be the difference between a fascinating hobby that can result in a nutritious and edible food source and a deadly toxin. Always make sure to work with your local city and gardening club before eating mushrooms found in the wild.

It is important to pay close attention to the following when picking or eliminating mushrooms in Virginia:

  • The size, including the cap, gills, scales, spores, and stem.
  • The color, including the cap, gills, scales, spores, and stem.
  • Location, both in the United States and in your yard
  • Odor and even taste

And if you want to learn more about common white mushrooms that grow in Virginia watch the below video!


10 Most Common White Mushrooms in Virginia

#1. Fairy Ring Mushroom (Marasmius Oreades)

Marasmius Oreades

fairy ring mushroom data

Specifications:

  • The Fairy Ring Mushroom has a white, cream cap, white spores, narrow to broad white/brown gills, and thin stalks.
  • This type of mushroom grows from late summer to early winter throughout the United States, including Virginia.
  • Feel free to forage these mushrooms if you see them! They are not harmful and actually grow in numerous nutrient-rich and dense soils throughout the state.
  • This mushroom is edible and incredibly delicious. It can be cooked and used in soup, as part of sauces, and even has a nutty and sweet taste.
  • An interesting fact is that the fairy ring will form perfect circles where they grow, but this may change depending on the amount of foot traffic by humans or animals.


#2. Field Mushroom (Agaricus campestris)

Field Mushroom

Field Mushroom Data

Specifications:

  • The Field Mushroom has a white and pink cap, dark chocolate spores, narrow to broad white stalks that are brown, and deep pink and brown gills.
  • This type of mushroom grows from late summer to early winter throughout the world, including Virginia, Ireland, and Wales. It is also one of the most commonly eaten white mushrooms in the world by humans, cows, and goats.
  • You can leave these mushrooms in your yard. They grow on dead vegetation and will not kill trees, live plants, etc.
  • This mushroom can be consumed when cooked. It is incredibly nutritious, but should only be consumed in moderation. It should be noted not to pick it since it may have been sprayed with pesticide or herbicide.
  • The Meadow Mushrooms sometimes can be confused for Field Mushrooms due to their white gills and spores, but should not be foraged or eaten!


#3. Dapperling Mushroom (Lepiota oreadiformis)

Lepiota oreadiformis

Lepiota oreadiformis data

Specifications:

  • The Dapperling Mushrooms has a white and cream cap, white spores, narrow white stalks, and white to cream gills.
  • This type of mushroom grows from late summer to late fall throughout the world, including United States, Ireland, and Britain. This mushroom should not be consumed and is very toxic if consumed.
  • While these mushrooms are toxic to humans and animals, they will not damage the environment around them. You can typically find this on sandy soil along coastlines and you may rarely find it on the outskirts of grasslands.
  • This mushroom should not be consumed. This is generally considered inedible and toxic. Sometimes foragers can confuse this for edible mushrooms, but just consuming a few of these mushrooms can cause adverse side effects.
  • The Dapperling Mushroom is one of the mushrooms on this list that you won’t see as often as others, but still can come upon quite often in Virginia! It is best to leave it be and spend your time identifying other white mushrooms in Virginia!


#4. Morels Mushrooms (Morchella esculenta)

Morels

Morel Mushroom Data

Specifications:

  • The Morel Mushroom has a yellow and brown flesh orange cap, white spores, thick white or pale cream stalks, and brown gills.
  • This type of mushroom grows from spring to early fall in the United States. While it can also be found in Ireland and Great Britain, it is much rarer. The Morel Mushroom is one of the most common white mushrooms in Virginia that can be found and eaten.
  • You can leave the Morel Mushroom and even pick them up. This mushroom is considered symbiotic with its environment and can be found under trees and sometimes on trees. They are considered a beneficial partner with trees and insects won’t harm them either!
  • This mushroom should be consumed! This is considered when of the most sought-after mushrooms in Virginia but should be noted that in large quantities it may cause a stomach ache.
  • Did you know that the Morel Mushroom is one of the few mushrooms you can grow in your very own home?


#5. Haymaker Mushroom (Panaeolus foenisecii)

Haymaker Mushroom

haymaker mushroom data

Specifications:

  • The Haymaker Mushroom has a Brown cap, white spores, thin, small brown stalks, and brown gills.
  • This type of mushroom grows from spring to early winter in Virginia and the United States. It can also be found throughout the Northern Hemisphere of the world. Most humans and animals will not eat mushrooms.
  • The Haymaker Mushroom is the most common white mushroom in Virginia. You can expect it whether you mow or fertilize your law. While it is not a parasite to your lawn or plants, it should be removed so that it isn’t foraged by children. You will find this mushroom in grassy areas!
  • This mushroom should not be consumed! Children can become extremely ill if they eat it and adults can experience hallucinations and stomach aches.
  • The Haymaker’s Mushroom is also known as the Mower’s Mushroom as this is a common white mushroom in Virginia seen when mowing or tending to one’s lawn.


#6. Shaggy Inkcap (Coprinus comatus)

Shaggy InkCap Mushroom

shaggy inkcap mushroom

Specifications:

  • The Shaggy Inkcap Mushroom has a white cap, white spores, thick, white stalks, and cream-white gills.
  • This type of mushroom grows from spring to early winter in the United States, Ireland, Britain, and Southern Europe. This is an edible and nutritious mushroom that can be consumed.
  • The Shaggy Inkcap Mushroom can be found in Virginia, the United States, and throughout Southern Europe. You will find it in open woodlands and grassy lawns.
  • This mushroom can be consumed, but does not have much taste! If you are eating this mushroom, you should forage it early in its life. If not you should refrigerate it and if not then it will quickly become bad.
  • This mushroom is very versatile. It can be used in soups, salads, and even fried!


#7. Destroying Angel Mushroom (Amanita virosa)

Destroying Angel

Destroying Angel Mushroom

Specifications:

  • The Destroying Angel Mushroom has a white cap, white spores, tall and thick white stems, , and white gills.
  • This type of mushroom grows from summer to fall in the United States, Ireland, and Britain. No one or no animal will typically consume this type of mushroom as it is the deadliest common white mushroom on the planet.
  • The Destroying Angel Mushroom can be found in yards in Virginia and the United States. You will find it in grassy areas on the edge of wooded areas.
  • This mushroom should not be consumed! It is the deadliest mushroom on the planet and can cause organ failure and even death within hours.
  • The Destroying Angel Mushroom is one of the most misidentified mushrooms by novice mushroom foragers. You should take extra precautions when foraging mushrooms.


#8. Puffball Mushroom (Lycoperdon perlatum)

Puffball Mushroom

Specifications:

  • The Puffball Mushroom has a white and cream cap, white spores, tall and thick white stems, and cream gills.
  • This type of mushroom grows from summer to early winter in the United States, Ireland, and Britain. While this isn’t the most popular type of mushroom to be eaten, it is edible and delicious.
  • The Puffball Mushroom can be found in Virginia and the United States. You will find them in woodlands, leaves, and even sandy areas.
  • This mushroom can be consumed when cooked properly! You should forage them early in their life and while they are hard and rubbery when cut properly and cooked it is delicious.
  • The Puffball Mushroom gets its name based on how it looks like a giant puffball when rain hits it or an animal or person rubs up against it!


#9. False Parasol (Chlorophyllum rhacodes)

False Parasol

False Parasol Mushroom

Specifications:

  • The False Parasol Mushroom has a white and cream cap, white spores, tall and thick white and cream stems, and cream gills.
  • This type of mushroom grows from summer to fall in the United States, Ireland, and Britain. No one or no animal will typically consume this type of mushroom as it is considered a deadly mushroom.
  • The False Parasol Mushroom can be found in yards in Virginia and the United States. You will find them in Woodland Areas and also in Humous-Rich Soil in Gardens.
  • This mushroom should not be consumed! Although some may consider this an edible mushroom, experts have agreed this can make people incredibly ill.
  • The False Parasol Mushroom is another mythical mushroom that can be found in European folklore and is known for its connection with fairies and fairy rings.


#10. Milkcap Mushroom (Lactarius subdulcis)

Lactarius subdulcis

Lactarius subdulcis Data

Specifications:

  • The Milkcap Mushroom has a creamy white cap, white and brown spores, small and thin white cream stems, and white and brown gills.
  • This type of mushroom grows from summer to winter in the United States, Ireland, and Britain. While you can eat this mushroom it is not recommended as it will taste acidic and bitter.
  • The Milkcap Mushroom can be found in yards in Virginia and the United States. You will find them under hardwood trees.
  • This mushroom can be consumed! While initially, this may taste sweet, you’ll notice a strong bitter and acidic taste when consumed in quantity, and may even cause an upset stomach.
  • When the Milkcap Mushroom gills and cap are cut you’ll notice a creamy-white liquid that gives the mushrooms its “sweet” taste.


Common Factors of the Most Common White Mushrooms in Virginia

Mushrooms

As a reminder, the below factors are common for the most common white mushrooms in Virginia

  • Most are parasitic to humans and should not be consumed.
  • These mushrooms can be found throughout your yard, but most commonly on trees and in wet areas of your yard.
  • Each mushroom on this list has a common fungus relative that it can be mistaken for. Leverage this guide to have the best chance of identifying common white mushrooms in Virginia.
  • Most mushrooms on this list will only grow a maximum height of 6 inches tall and 3 or 4 inches wide.
  • A majority of the mushrooms on this list will have no smell to them.


And remember that you should pay attention to this guide, other local experts, and your local mushroom clubs before foraging. This can be the difference between a nutritious and delicious mushroom and a harmful and even deadly fungus.

If you want to learn about other mushrooms, chickens, vegetables, fruits, herbs, and bees check out thegardeningdad and search for the plant you want to grow in the upper right-hand corner.

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